Salta province is located in the North of Argentina, at 26º 23′ South latitude and 68º 33′ West longitude. This region has a great morphological diversity and a wide range of contrasting climates: temperate valleys, tropical forests and Andean desert regions. Within this ample biodiversity, located Southwest of Salta City, the capital of the province, lays its viticulture region: the Calchaqui Valleys and the crown jewel, Cafayate.
Its original dwellers were ancient First Nations. During the 15th century, the Inca Empire integrated these valleys into its domain, while in the 16th century the Spanish conquerors arrived in this land. By the 18th century, the Jesuits had been encouraged by the generous terroir to plant the first vines. From that moment on, the Calchaqui Valleys became the birthplace of curent vineyards and wineries that are spread out in harmony. The quality of this terroir -where the climate, soil, vines, human expertise and altitude conjugate exquisitely – facilitated the development of the strong personality of the wines of Salta.
Currently, the vineyards stretch out over 3,200 ha, throughout an area that comprises the localities of Cafayate, San Carlos, Angastaco and Molinos. One of the remarkable features of the region is the altitude of the vineyards, which stand at 1,600 meters above sea level and in some places, such as at Molinos and Payogasta, reach up to 2,700 and 3,015 meters.
Although Torrontés is the most well-known variety from this region, red grapes encompass 55% of the cultivated area, of which 99% is intended for fine wines; among the reds, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Tannat, Bonarda, Barbera and Tempranillo stand out. In recent years, the viticulture industry has experienced a great growth and development, especially in the making of high quality wines. Salta wines are award-winning and well-known in international markets and competitions. Moreover, new vine stocks have been introduced and carob tree barrels and manual presses have been replaced by new technology, yet preserving the spirit and passion implied in the elaboration processes.
Information and photos, courtesy of the Tourism Ministry of Salta Province
Surface: 155.488 km²
Population: 1.200.000 inhabitants (estimated)
Capital: Salta City
Business hours: 9am – 1pm and 5 – 9 pm
Area Code: 54 387
International Airport: Martín Miguel de Güemes – Salta City – Phone: 54 387 424 2904 – 4247356
Bus station: Hipólito Irigoyen 339 – Salta City – Phone: 54 387 431-5227 – 4011143
Salta has a huge productive capacity. Oil refining, energy generation, sugar production and tobacco processing are among its main industries. Viticulture and tourism are gaining importance within the economy of the province.
Main Tourism Centers
Over a million visitors arrive in Salta every year, according to recent statistics. Their main destinations are Salta City, Cafayate, Cachi, San Carlos, San Antonio de Cobres, Coronel Moldes (Cabra Corral dam) and Iruya. Other attractions include the High Mountain Archeology Museum (MAAM), Los Cardones National Park, San Lorenzo, La Poma, Seclantas and Molinos. Cultural and religious tours are also available, as well as trips to hot springs, the Puna (Andean plateau) region, Salinas Grandes and Tolar Grande.
Summer: 15 to 27° C approximately
Winter: 3 to 20° C approximately
Tourism Information Centers
Buenos Aires 93 – CP 4.400 – Salta City – Phone: 54 387 4310950 – Email: email@example.com – Web: www.turismosalta.gov.ar
Central Square – San Martín y Av. General Güemes Norte – Phone: 54 3868 422223
Av. Gral Guemes s/n – Tel / Phone: 0 800 4440317 -E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Salta House – Av. Roque Sáenz Peña 933 – CP 1035 – Buenos Aires – Phone: 54 11 4326 2456 – Email: email@example.com
Magnificent landscapes and altitude wines are combined in Cafayate, a region flanked by Quebradas de Las Conchas, with its popular Garganta del Diablo -”Devil´s throat”- and protected by the hills known as Tres Cruces and Morales.
The Calchaqui Valleys comprise a total of around 4,500 hectares of vineyards and they are the cradle of altitude wines. The largest productive viticulture center of the province is located between 1,700 meters and 2,800 meters. This altitude features provide great temperature ranges and create an environment where rays of light are more intense and air is cleaner and drier. The singularity and quality of the wines of Salta are the result of combining the most privileged terroir conditions with technological innovations, as well as with the knowledge and dedicated work that producers have contributed to improve their products.
This conjunction of factors and the peculiar features of the soil produce wines that stand out for their great character, strong personality and excellent quality, with distinctive aromas, colors and flavors.